To begin any construction activities in Turkey, there are dozens of regulations and standards that must be followed in the building process in general, including the appropriateness of the land for construction and housing, in addition to the required permissions received from the relevant authorities. Furthermore, there are numerous building systems that are utilized in building homes and residential complexes in this country, such as steel-frame systems, reinforced concrete, stone-brick building systems, and wooden buildings, and these systems differ in their advantages and construction costs.
In today's article we will look at two types of building systems in Turkey, as well as whether it is preferable to build an apartment in Turkey versus purchasing one, indicating the advantages of each.
Turkey's most popular construction style is the reinforced concrete building system, and reinforced concrete—a combination of cement, water, and aggregates, including sand, gravel, and rocks—is the primary material used in construction.
It is referred to as reinforced because iron bars are cast into it using unique molds specified by supervisor engineers to create a body made of this concrete with iron that is more durable and capable of supporting heavy loads such as bridges, roofs, high structures, etc...
Steel structures are a combination of iron and a tiny fraction of carbon, as well as additional elements such as silicon, phosphorus, and sulfur in various concentrations.
Steel structures are distinguished by their light weight, strength, and stiffness, as well as their ease of production and transport. Furthermore, unlike reinforced concrete structures, steel structures do not need to be cast.
Steel structures' flaws include corrosion susceptibility and the requirement for maintenance, in addition to their high cost. Steel constructions, too, need people with the right skills to be installed.
The cost per square meter in Turkey varies depending on the kind of construction, whether it is residential or commercial, in addition to many variables that affect the cost, such as buying the land on which construction will be built, obtaining the appropriate permissions to start the construction practices, and designing the building plan.
As a result, it is challenging to come up with a precise estimation of the costs. In addition to the building materials and supplies, as well as the construction costs imposed by the real estate developer or contractor, there are other elements that influence construction costs, such as:
Building permits are the formal documents that authorize the construction process and are granted by the municipality in which the land lies.
Before getting a building permit, it must be determined if the land is appropriate for construction and that the legally mandated requirements are met.
The following papers must be provided in order to get a building permit:
It should be emphasized that if building does not begin within two years or ends within five years, the license is deemed invalid, and in this case, construction is not authorized anymore; a new license must be acquired.
Who among us has not dreamt about building his or her ideal house? It is fortunate that some individuals are determined to make their dreams come true by building rather than purchasing their homes. The great environment in Turkey, which makes the dream a reality in addition to the many amenities for foreigners to live in, settle down, and even gain Turkish citizenship, may be one of the factors that led such individuals to construct their dream homes in this beautiful country.
Assuming you already have a plan in mind, the following are the procedures you must follow to ensure that no hurdles stand between you and receiving the key to your house after construction is finished:
Sales of ready-made apartments in Turkey, especially for foreigners, are constantly increasing, indicating that many individuals have made a final decision to live in Turkey. And purchasing flats for sale in Istanbul or purchasing a ready-made apartment in Turkey is a courageous and rewarding investment decision.
Here are some benefits of purchasing a pre-built residence in Turkey:
In Turkey, purchasing an apartment is a simple process with a few non-complex steps. If your primary purpose is to get Turkish citizenship, the time span between purchase and citizenship cannot exceed 90 days.
Yet, making a decision to buy a specific apartment may be the most difficult, and perhaps it may be that you need to sit for hours in front of Google searching for apartments for sale in Turkey with the specifications you want, so you would find a lot of options: Apartments for sale in Istanbul; apartments for sale in Trabzon; Bursa; Antalya; etc. With the same specifications, you will get more and more confused, not knowing which is better for you.
In order to successfully buy your right apartment in Turkey, we advise you to first define your objective of buying, or the main reason, and then determine the budget.
However, the following are the procedures you must follow in order to properly purchase an apartment in Turkey:
Yes, we are aware that it is difficult to choose a city because every Turkish city vies with one another for attention, advantages, and the presence of service institutions, but eventually, you need to decide what city you want. Do you want to live in the Turkish countryside, where you can experience the peace, beauty, and enchanting colorful views that nature has to offer; or do you love the ancient cities, where the streets are a living testament to history; or is your goal to invest, make money, and simultaneously take in Turkey's natural beauty? Making a purchase choice in a certain city allows you to live and settle in Turkey as soon as possible, and eliminates many difficulties.
You must have heard of the real estate fraud instances that many investors who wish to purchase apartments for sale in Turkey are subjected to. To prevent falling into this trap, you should choose a dependable real estate firm, and therefore, you may pick a real estate agent or a reputable real estate agency. Inquire about the company's track record and years of expertise in the real estate industry. Check out the company's website and try to get in touch with some of the clients it has served in the past.
The major component in setting the budget is defining the objective of the purchase, as we indicated in the previous lines. If obtaining Turkish citizenship or real estate residency is your goal, this signifies stability and a good quality of life, which are reflected in the specifications you want for your home. So, be specific about your needs and let your real estate agent find the best deal for you. After that, check the costs of similar homes in the neighborhood to make sure your purchase will be secure and satisfying.
An amount or deposit is paid to reserve a property once a purchase of a certain property has been made and the price has been agreed upon. To formally register ownership of the property, the following procedures must be followed and certain paperwork must be completed before making the purchase:
If the property is still being built, the buyer will be given a "Kat irtifakı" temporary title deed, an incomplete tapu, with the understanding that it will be replaced by a real estate title deed (full tapu) as soon as the building is finished and the apartment is turned over.
The acquisition of the title deed serves as the fundamental assurance document for real estate ownership and purchases in Turkey. If the whole sum is paid, it can be obtained immediately; otherwise, if the property is being paid for in instalments, it can be received upon the final payment of the remaining balance.
And now, dear reader, we hope that we have given you the information you need about Turkey's building permit systems, as well as the benefits and drawbacks of constructing and purchasing residential real estate there, to help you make your right decision.
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